Installing Brick Pavers


General Information

Brick pavers are one of the most popular paving materials for all types of applications and settings. They have exceptional values when featured as a ground surface system ranging from stylish decorative appeal, great durability values, and very versatile, great safety values and are also easy to install.

Brick PaversThere are many wonderful textures and colors available in brick pavers that can be used for residential, commercial, community and industrial applications. The three most common types of brick paver materials are; natural stone, clay and concrete. All of these types are easy to install by home owners and contractors.

Steps To Install Brick Pavers

A good and successful paving project must have good planning starting from pre-preparation to final touches. The following are some basic tips and basic steps to install brick pavers after you have selected the pavers and order the required amount. Don't forget to also order other materials such as sand, crushed stone and other relevant materials.

1. Draw A Plan

Draw a plan of the area that you want to pave and include any other structural features

2. Outline the Area

With a string or a can of spray paint, make markings of the area that is to be paved

3. Excavate

Excavating for brick pavers installationFollow the markings and excavate the area according to the slop scope. The depth of the excavation will depend on the type of application requirements. E.g. driveways need to be deeper as they require more base materials and the brick pavers are also thicker. Check for the depth of excavation requirements with a professional.

4. Lay The Base

Make sure after excavation, the base is level and remove any debris, dirt or stones. Once this has been done, it's a good idea to compact the ground which makes the ground level. The sand base is usually a mixture of core sand and small crushed aggregates. Apply 2 inches of sand base mixture and make sure it's evenly spread out. Repeat this process until you have the correct depth required.

5. Install Edge Restraints

Edge restraints are what basically hold the brick paver shape in place. Place edge restraint to the outer perimeter of the area and make sure they are firmly in place. Make sure you cut the restraints to suit the shape of the project.

6. Apply Layer Of Sand

Apply 1.5 inches of coarse sand and screed the sand through the entire area. Make sure all gaps are filled and the sand levels are smooth and even.

7. Install Brick Pavers

Installing Brick PaversStart at the top end of the area, or if the area abuts to the house structure or other building structures start there and work your way down. To install brick pavers will depend on the chosen paving pattern you selected. Place them in the sand and hold down firmly, then tap the paver with a rubber mallet. Place the next one next to it but leaving a gap of 1/16 inches.

Periodically check and make sure the pavers are level. Continue with this process and follow the paving design until entire area is paved. Go over with a compactor once you install them.

8. Sand Fill Paver Gaps

Sand Filling Paver JointsOnce you are satisfied with the brick pavers' installation, the gaps must be filled with sand. Apply sand covering the entire paved area, then with a broom, sweep sand into gaps. Make sure all of the gaps are filled with sand to the top. Sweep off any excess with a broom.

9. Apply Sealer

Apply Sealer after paver installationWait a few days after the installation process is completed, so the pavers can settle. A sealer is vital as what a sealing product does is it protects the brick pavers' surface from various natural and non natural elements. Apply a sealer with a brush or soft broom, covering the entire paved area. Wait until the first coat of sealer is dry and apply a second coat. Do not allow foot or vehicular traffic for at least 48 hours.