Landscape Design Introduction

Basic Tips on Landscape Design


Landscape Design

If you want to add a little appeal and beauty to your front and back landscapes, then you could start by designing a new garden, or adding hardscape features such as patios and walkways, with the use of various types of paver materials, to create the look you want.

When planning your landscape Design you should consider some basic elements or principles of Design. If you prefer to do-it-yourself, then these basic design elements will set a basis for you to build your Landscape Design knowledge.

Basic Landscaping Design Elements

There are four basic design elements to consider when planning your Landscape makeover. These elements must be taken into account for both softscapes (plants, shrubs, flowers) and hardscapes (paved patios and driveways) contained in your property.


The first element is Color. Listed here are the basic color classifications. This will help you design the color scheme of your Landscape, by knowing what colors go well together.

Landscape Image
  • Primary Colors: blue, red, yellow.
  • Secondary Colors: orange, green and purple, these are combinations of two primary colors.
  • Tertiary Colors: A combination of one primary color and one secondary color.
  • Tint: A light value of a color, achieved by adding white.
  • Shade: A dark value of a color, achieved by adding black.
  • Neutral: black, white and gray, these colors go with everything.

When we talk about color schemes, we are referring to colors that blend or compliment each other, in a Landscape setting. There are three basic color schemes.

  • Monochromatic: consists of different shades and tints of one color.
  • Analogous: includes colors that are side-by-side on a color chart, for example; green, blue-green and blue.
  • Complementary: color schemes that include colors on either side of a color chart, such as; red and green.

When creating and using color schemes for your Landscape Design, it is important to factor in the colors of your house bricks, patio pavers, driveway pavers, plants and flowers.


Form is related to the size of an area or object. It can refer to the varying sizes of plants throughout their growth, and also the shape and pattern of a plant structure.

Different plants and trees will have different leaf, branch and textural form, which may have an impact on the overall appearance of your Landscape.

Landscape Design


Line refers to the eye movement or flow. The creation of Line is largely dependent on the new Design and the existing patterns of your landscape. Line includes the way in which your plants are arranged and the way it flows.

Line is also impacted by the height of plants and trees also. Straight lines are very forceful and create a more structural, direct visual impact. Curved lines create a sense of grace, smoothness and an overall relaxing feel to your landscape.


Texture refers to the surface quality of objects in your Landscape. The surfaces in your Landscape include your hardscapes and your softscapes. Hardscapes are your paved patios and paved driveways, while your softscapes are the plants, trees and flowers contained in your landscape.

Softscapes and Hardscapes The textures of these two elements of the Landscape differ quite significantly. In the softscapes, you have the varying textures of leaves, branches, twigs and flowers.

In the hardscape elements you have the varying textures of the materials that have been used, such as; concrete pavers for the driveway, brick pavers for the patio and stone pavers for the walkway.

Hence, the texture of the Design, affects how the various plants and materials combine together, to create the desired theme of your Landscape.